Making More, and Spending More

Personal income increased $60.3 billion (0.3 percent) in August according to estimates recently released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $51.4 billion (0.3 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $46.4 billion (0.3 percent).

Real DPI increased 0.2 percent in August and Real PCE increased 0.2 percent. The PCE price index increased 0.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased less than 0.1 percent.

The increase in personal income in August primarily reflected increases in wages and salaries, government social benefits to persons, and nonfarm proprietors’ income.

The $28.7 billion increase in real PCE in August reflected an increase of $15.3 billion in spending for goods and a $14.3 billion increase in spending for services.

Within goods, other nondurable goods was the leading contributor to the increase. Within services, the largest contributor to the increase was spending for health care. Detailed information on monthly real PCE spending can be found in Table 2.3.6U.

Personal outlays increased $47.1 billion in August. Personal saving was $1,032.3 billion in August and the personal saving rate, personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income, was 6.6 percent.

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